legislative differences

We believe that regulation should aim at the right balance between labor market flexibility and employment security. More balanced regulation facilitates helping more people to work.

There are major differences in the levels of legislation around the globe. In mature staffing markets, temporary agency work is regulated, with the nature of the regulation varying from light to heavy. Nationally, staffing is regulated by general labor law, supplemented by specific staffing regulations regarding employment conditions and/or service provision. This is complemented by collective labor agreements (CLAs) and industry self-regulation, such as codes of conduct.

From a legal and socio-economic perspective, our markets can be clustered into four types with different characteristics:

  • Market-driven;
  • Social-dialogue-based;
  • Legislator-driven;
  • Emerging markets.

In the world map 'legislative differences', characteristics per market type and per country are shown.

Rest of the world

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Europe

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Argentina

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Brazil

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Restrictive or no specific regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

China

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Czech Republic

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has reversed in 2014

Hungary

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

India

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Restrictive or no specific regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Mexico

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Restrictive or no specific regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Turkey

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Restrictive or no specific regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

France

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Greece

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has reversed in 2014

Italy

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Luxembourg

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Portugal

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Spain

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Austria

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Above-average AW penetration in relatively mature markets
    • Moderately regulated, varying balances of flexibility and security
    • Labor market organized and regulated by collective agreements between social partners
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Belgium

  • Legislator-driven market:
    • Penetration depending on level of industry development, ranging from below to above average
    • Highly regulated, weighted towards job security rather than flexibility
    • Historically labor markets with high unemployment relative to social dialogue peers
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Germany

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Above-average AW penetration in relatively mature markets
    • Moderately regulated, varying balances of flexibility and security
    • Labor market organized and regulated by collective agreements between social partners
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Netherlands

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Above-average AW penetration in relatively mature markets
    • Moderately regulated, varying balances of flexibility and security
    • Labor market organized and regulated by collective agreements between social partners
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Switzerland

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Above-average AW penetration in relatively mature markets
    • Moderately regulated, varying balances of flexibility and security
    • Labor market organized and regulated by collective agreements between social partners
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Denmark

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Historically low AW penetration and slow industry development
    • Unique Nordic social and economic system
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Sweden

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Historically low AW penetration and slow industry development
    • Unique Nordic social and economic system
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

Japan

  • Social-dialogue-based market:
    • Generally liberal economy but high value placed on security and social acceptance challenges
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Australia

  • Market-driven:
    • Rapid agency work (AW) development with appreciable drop-off in the crisis
    • Open regulatory environment with limited restrictions
    • Liberal economies favoring flexibility over security
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Canada

  • Market-driven:
    • Rapid agency work (AW) development with appreciable drop-off in the crisis
    • Open regulatory environment with limited restrictions
    • Liberal economies favoring flexibility over security
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

New Zealand

  • Market-driven:
    • Rapid agency work (AW) development with appreciable drop-off in the crisis
    • Open regulatory environment with limited restrictions
    • Liberal economies favoring flexibility over security
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

Poland

  • Emerging market:
    • Nascent industries with AW legally recognized only recently
    • Regulatory policies still in development
    • Economic policies and market dynamics still evolving
  • Workable regulation/to be improved
  • Regulatory trend has improved in 2014

United Kingdom

  • Market-driven:
    • Rapid agency work (AW) development with appreciable drop-off in the crisis
    • Open regulatory environment with limited restrictions
    • Liberal economies favoring flexibility over security
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

United States

  • Market-driven:
    • Rapid agency work (AW) development with appreciable drop-off in the crisis
    • Open regulatory environment with limited restrictions
    • Liberal economies favoring flexibility over security
  • Appropriate/liberal regulation
  • Regulatory trend has not changed in 2014

south-korea

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