debt facility

The long term borrowings on our balance sheet are related to a syndicated revolving credit facility. This allows us to consciously avoid the risk of having to refinance short-term bridge financing as well as having to issue equity in a secondary public offer. We finance against floating interest rates since in an economic downturn, when our earnings may be under pressure, interest rates will normally tend downwards. Floating interest rates are considered a natural hedge against the development in operational results. So far, this has paid off significantly, as over time floating interest rates are on
average significantly lower than fixed interest rates.

In Q2 2014 we took advantage of the favorable market conditions and our aim to have sufficient long-term committed financing in place, by amending and extending the existing multi-currency credit facility.

In 2016, the size of the revolving credit facility was increased to € 1,920 million. There was the potential to extend the maturity to a maximum of 7 years through the exercise of 2 extension options, which are at the banks' discretion. As the second extension option was exercised in 2016, the final maturity date is now July 2021. Randstad has agreed on a maximum leverage ratio of 3.5x EBITDA. In certain cases, we are allowed to report a maximum leverage ratio of 4.25x EBITDA for a limited amount of time (although we aim for a leverage ratio of between 0 and 2, which is important for continuity). In addition to this credit facility, Randstad has uncommitted credit and guaranteed lines of roughly (€ 1.1 billion) available. To limit the risk of covenant breach we use our managing through the cycle approach. In order to be well-prepared for the event of very severe market circumstances, and to know what steps to take to protect our financial position should such an event arise, we have also tested scenarios in which the covenant could be at risk. As a consequence of this policy, our debt covenants do not include an interest cover ratio for tax planning and cash management purposes. The risks associated with the cash balances are regularly and carefully analyzed by the Group treasury department, ensuring that positions can be adjusted quickly.

The net debt position as of year-end 2016 was € 793 million, compared to € 173 million at year-end 2015.

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